This J.C. Wilson Rule Britannia patriotic cover bears a C.G.H. one penny postage stamp, as it was not addressed to Canada, where postal charges were exempted. Letters to Postal Union countries were charged the soldiers’ privileged rate of one penny per ounce (2¢ Canadian postage), hence the requirement for postage.
This British Ensign Type II cover was mailed from O’Okiep in N.W. Namaqualand, a mining town in N.W. Cape Colony, O’Okiep was the oldest mining town in South Africa, where copper was first discovered and mined in 1855. In 1862, Phillips and King, who started the mining activities in Namaqualand in 1852, was taken over by a London-based company known as The Cape Copper Company. O’Okiep was for many years the centre of the Namaqualand copper fields, which was known at the turn of the century as the richest copper mining area in the world. O’Okiep’s importance in the Boer War rose during the last phase of the war when it was besieged in May of 1902 by the Boer commandos seeking to seize the copper fields.
The cover bears an April 23, 1900 O’Okiep cancellation on the Cape of Good Hope one penny stamp, and is sent to Mr. John Mills, Woodbine Cottage, Near Perranwell Station R.S.G., Cornwall, England. It was separated from its back, and so no additional cancellations are visible. The variation cannot be ascertained without a review of the removed back of the cover, but would have been one of Types E-1 through E-4, with one of the lion’s eyes open, as identified by Gates.
This cover represents the earliest of the covers seen dispatched by this sender.